Borders China to the north, Laos to the east, and Thailand to the south, and five administrative divisions of mainland in the west. Largest of the 14 administrative divisions by land area, Shan State covers 155,800 km², almost a quarter of the total area of Burma. The state gets its name from the Shan people, one of several ethnic groups that inhabit the area. Most of the Shan State is a hilly plateau, which together with the higher mountains in the north and south forms the Shan Hills system. The gorge of the Thanlwin (Salween) River cuts across the state.
Situated in the southern Shan State and is the capital town of Shan States. It is 4712 feet above the sea level and has a moderate climate. The capital city of the Shan State is situated on a high plateau surrounded by high mountains. Lies on a hill region the atmosphere is conducive to good health especially by means of the salubrious mountain air.
This old hill station on the rim of the Shan Plateau, in the Pineland, remains a favourite place for holidays. The main attractions of Kalaw are the town itself, with its mock-tutor colonial bungalows, its ethnic mix of people, and it's setting within trekking distance of many ethnic minority villages. Situates 1,400 meters above sea-level. It is located 70 km west of Taunggyi. Many of the Tudor-style houses and English gardens of colonial days remain. In the neighbourhood lie villages of Palaung and other hill tribes who come to Kalaw market held every five days in their colourful costumes, adding to the quiet attraction of Kalaw.
is the second largest natural lake in Myanmar located in the middle of the greatest depression in Nyaung Shwe valley between two parallel mountain ranges running north to south in the southern Shan State. 35 km from the nearest airport at Heho. There are flights from both Yangon and Mandalay. Inle Lake is shallow, 14 miles long and 7 miles wide, 4358 feet above the sea level among the hazy Blue Mountains. Inle's most unusual feature is its extraordinary 'leg-rowing fishermen' who have developed an original, eccentric method of rowing their small boats with one leg. Floating gardens are built-up from strips of water hyacinth and mud, dredged from the lakebed. Villages, farms and monasteries perch over the water on stilts. Visitors may observe cottage industries of weaving, netting and cheroot making etc.
Situated at the foot of Menetaung Range and about 45 km north of Kalaw is a picturesque place called Known to the world as the home of the countless Buddha Images in its extensive lime stone caves and picturesque lake. The main sight in the area is Pindaya Cave, locally known as Shwe Oo Min Cave and unique Shan traditional paper umbrella making works. The limestone caves contain a maze of chambers with 6226 Buddha statues. Some of them are tiny, others are huge, and are made of white marble, bronze or plaster, coated with gold leaf. Some of the smaller caves within the complex serve as meditation chambers. Scenic drive over the rolling hills of the Shan plateau through colourful mustard and wheat field. The road from Kalaw to Pindaya (38 km) passes through countryside of magnificent scenic beauty.
The capital of the Kayah State is situated about 130 miles southeast of Kalaw. A very unique feature of this state is the Padaung ethnic tribe whose necks are elongated with layers of brass rings. The beautiful and pleasant surroundings of the Lawpita hydroelectric power plant and the Baluchaung fall are not far off.
In Taunggyi people celebrate the Tazaungdine festival with Kahtein (offering of monk robes) as well as the releasing up fire- balloons into the sky. Balloons in the shape of elephant, Ox, horse, water-buffalo, bird, pig, fish, owl and parrot are released. This festival is the biggest festival in the country thus attended by people from all over the country. This festival is also getting popular amongst tourist as a major event.